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经济学原理

经济学十大原理

个人如何制定决策
    1.
    People face trade-offs:选择是可微分的
    2.
    The cost of something is what you give up to get it:成本计算应当遍历所有选项
    3.
    Rational people think at the margin:平衡各种选项时计算的是决策边界上的偏微分
    4.
    People respond to incentives:不仅要注意直接反应,还要注意间接反应
人们如何相互作用
    1.
    Trade can make everyone better off:贸易是正和博弈
    2.
    Markets are usually a good way to organize economic activity:市场具有自组织性,自私的个体能够自发达成整体的正和博弈(看不见的手)
    3.
    Governments can sometimes improve market outcomes:作为强制力,在特殊情况下作为看门狗处理异常状况,或者处理某些零和甚至负和博弈
经济整体如何运行
    1.
    A country’s standard of livinig depends on its ability to produce goods and services:生活水平变化归因,整体优化目标
    2.
    Prices rise when the government prints too much money:货币金融学
    3.
    Society faces a short-run trade-off between inflation and unemployment
Last modified 8mo ago
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